The construction industry’s contribution to GDP in developing countries like India is about 10 per cent. Under the Make in India scheme, it is expected that the infrastructure sector will attract $1000 billion investments in the next few years. The construction industry which requires skilled labour, increased productivity, good quality of work is assailed with labour shortages, decreased quality of work, safety of labour at project sites etc. All these can be overcome by new innovative technologies such as automation, which have the potential to improve the quality, safety, and productivity of the construction industry. In developing countries like India, the construction industries need automation technologies such as new machineries, electronic devices , the automation of road, tunnel, and bridge construction; earthwork, etc. Today, it is evident that the level of automation in construction is very low in comparison with current technological advances. That is why we must make new efforts to increase the automation level of this important sector.